Base of Occupational Therapy
an active being whose development is influenced by the
use of purposeful activity. Using their capacity
for intrinsic motivation, human beings are able to
influence their physical and mental health and their
social and physical environment through purposeful
activity. Human life includes a process of
continual adaptation. Adaptation is a change in
function that promotes survival and
self-actualization. Biological, psychological,
and environmental factors may interrupt the adaptation
process at any time through the life cycle.
Dysfunction may occur when adaptation is impaired.
Purposeful activity facilitates the adaptive process.
Therapy is based on the belief that purposeful
activity (occupation) including its interpersonal and
environmental components, may be used to prevent and
mediate dysfunction and to elicit maximum adaptation.
Activity as used by the therapist includes both
intrinsic and therapeutic purpose.